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Saturday, March 27, 2010

The Mudik Phenomena

MUDIK interpreted as forth the return process of urban communities, nomads to my hometown. Mudik synonymous with back upstream that could mean the region of origin. And the tradition of going home before the celebration of Eid is already a culture or a culture, so I understand it as Mudik cultural. Mudik as a unique cultural phenomenon and perhaps only one in the world. This phenomenon has been seized  a lot of attention from all circles; governments, economists, sociologists, until local police had to escort the the Mudik flow and back flow from the user community of motorcycle travelers.

The motivation of going home (mudik) is not simply because the momentum of the celebration of Idul Fitri. Hari Raya Idul Fitri I say only as a medium that allows the mudik place. Because back to my hometown outside of Idul Fitri, although beaten by a community of nomads, less commonly known about, isn't it? Yes. Here lies the uniqueness of the culture or cultures forth.

Another motivation is the most knowledgeable travelers community itself. But, of course it is predictable. Motivation can be drawn pemudik (the people) in an attempt to return to the homeland after a long time in the overseas. Sub motivation; celebrate Eid at home, having a long rope Silaturrahmi this press of work lost because of working activity.

How not, flow forth almost certainly colored by passengers ; Railway Aircraft, Ships of the Sea, bus traffic until congestion on the highway for travelers crowd private car or hired car for the sole purpose forth. Similarly, backflow almost certainly be followed by the number of backflow; the prospective new nomads nomads, who ideally want to find work in big cities such as Bandung, Surabaya, Jakarta and other cities around it.

Circuit like that that has made Mudik Eid as a phenomenal culture in the life of the Indonesian nation. And culture of going home, going home and the current flows through, will remain a phenomenon in the future. At least, while Eid is celebrated by our nation. Why is the nation? Yes, the facts on the ground shows that no longer Eid is celebrated exclusively by Indonesian Muslims. Non-Muslims too, "celebrating" Eid ul-Fitr, at least in the region through celebrating the cultural phenomenon of going home, going home and the current flows through.

Monday, March 15, 2010

Kasada Ceremony: Tenggerese Thanksgiving

Bromo has a remarkable natural panorama. It will never run out of our admiration by the beautiful natural scenery. Mount Bromo derived from Sanskrit, meaning god Brahma, or a major, Mount Bromo is a mountain that is still active and the object of the most famous tourism in East Java. Bromo mountain has a height 2400 meters above sea level.

In addition Tenggerese also has appeal because of their remarkable is clinging to the customs and culture that guide his life. Tenggerese supposedly are the descendants of Roro Anteng (daughter of the King of Majapahit) and Joko Seger (son of Brahmana).

Since the time of Majapahit was said that they inhabited areas are sacred places, because they are considered servants of Majapahit Kingdom. Until now, they still adhered to Hindu religion, the Tengger people annually yadnya KASADA ceremony. The ceremony is located in a temple which is under the foot of Mount Bromo. And after that proceed to the top of Mount Bromo. Ceremony performed at midnight until the early hours every full moon in the month of Javanese calendar according Kasodo.

Origin legends KASADA Ceremony

According to the story, the origin of the ceremony occurred KASADA few centuries ago. In Brawijaya Dynasty reign of Majapahit Kingdom. The empress was blessed with a daughter named Roro anteng, after the late princess had grown a young couple from brahma caste named Joko Seger.

At the time of Majapahit into decline and simultaneously began the spread of Islam in Java, some mandarins and some relatives decided to move to the east, and partially towards the Tengger Mountains region including Rara anteng couples and Jaka Seger.

Couple Rara anteng and Jaka Seger build settlements and then ruled the region called the Tengger Purbowasesa kurat Ing Tengger, meaning "Lord of the Tengger Budiman". The name is taken from the final perch syllables anteng Rara name and Jaka Seger.

The word also means tenggering perched nobility or high moral recognition, symbol of eternal peace. From time to time the Tengger people prosperous and peaceful life, but the authorities did not feel happy, because after a while the couple and Jake Rara Tengger anteng berumahtangga not also blessed with offspring. Then was decided to ascend to the top of Mount Bromo to meditate with full faith in the Almighty so blessed with offspring.

Suddenly there are voices saying that magic meditation, they will be granted but on condition that when you've got offspring, the youngest child to be sacrificed to the crater of Mount Bromo. Couple Roro and Jaka Seger anteng menyanggupinya and then acquired 25 sons and daughters, but the instincts of parents still can not bear losing her son and daughter. Short Rara couples and Jaka Seger anteng broken a promise, God became angry with threatening to inflict evil, then there becomes a state tempests dark crater of Mount Bromo flames.

Kesuma youngest son disappeared from sight and fire licked into the crater Bromo, the same loss of voice Kesuma Unseen: "Dearly beloved, I have been sacrificed by our parents and Hyang Widi save you all. Live a peaceful and serene, Hyang Widi worship. I remind you that you each month KASADA on the 14th day of the offerings made to Hyang Widi in the crater of Mount Bromo ".

This habit hereditary followed by Tengger people and each year a ceremony was held at the potential KASADA ocean of sand and crater of Mount Bromo.

Only In Indonesia

Horrible Fire Battle for Welcoming Nyepi Day

The ritual fires of war is a Hindu tradition in Mataram since 1838 was held in Jalan Selaparang, Cakranegara, which is the location of the battle between the Kingdom Singosari and the Kingdom of Karang Asem.

The ritual activities conducted after the procession ogoh-ogoh (giant dolls with frightening form) that involved hundreds of residents from two banjar (environmental) in the East of District Cakranegara, namely Banjar Negara Sakah and Banjar Sweta.

Residents from each banjar attacked each other with a lit fire on Bobok (leaves, dried coconut is already tied to form a broom). Prior to attack each other action, the first public figures to check that bobok will be used by people to attack other people.

Attack each other process occurs after the community leaders of each banjar agreed to start a war. Residents from both banjar seen a swing with a violent burning dried coconut leaves at his opponent's body. After the battle lasted for about 15 minutes finally both agreed to stop the war banjar and return to their homes in a peaceful atmosphere with no hard feelings between them.

According to Nyoman East Village Chief Vishnu Cakranegara flame war is not just the form of a celebration of Nyepi. However, a deeper meaning is to cleanse the earth from all this evil that occurred.

Only Happen In Indonesia