Monday, March 15, 2010
Papua: Gold Island and The Less dressed Man
Papua is very rich land. Merciful God with saving the Earth's natural resources in Papua. Copper and Gold is a natural resource is very abundant. No wonder if there is a joke, people often stumbling blocks of gold on this island. Papua is an important area that contributed. unusual for the State of Indonesia. The problem is, whether the gold that turned into a dollar has been benefiting indigenous Papuans themselves? Does the abundance of natural wealth has given prosperity to the people of Papua?
If cared for, will we find how many indigenous Papuans who live below the poverty line. This scene is contrasted with the livelihood of the employees companies like Freeport's mine. Moreover, if we compare with the expatriates. The differences are striking income disparity will create a lifestyle. And predictable, if the gaps in a social community is very high, then the social jealousy will arise.
Koteka, the symbol of poverty?
Koteka is clothing to cover male genitalia in some indigenous cultures of Papua Island. Koteka leather gourds, Lagenaria siceraria. Fill an old pumpkin seeds and skin removed and dried. Literally, this word means "clothing", derived from the language of one tribe in Paniai. Some mountain tribes Jayawijaya holim or horim call.
There are different types koteka sizes, depending on the size of the physical condition of the user. However, the magnitude koteka too often only accessories for the wearer. The muscular body of a man is the ideal berkoteka a Middle Mountain tribal woman as Dani. To have a man look more powerful and authoritative, the entire outer skin including hair greased pig to make it look shiny and smooth black when in the sun. Lard was applied on the face, waist, legs, and hands. Usually used at traditional performances such as fuel party rock
There is no literature that mention, since when the tribes of native Papuans wearing koteka. Since the European adventure came to the area, the men of the tribes in the Central Mountains (Jayawijaya, Puncak Jaya, Paniai, Nabire, Tolikara, Yahokimo, and the Star Mountains) is wearing koteka. According to the Head of Culture of Papua Dominggus Rumbewas, making koteka acquired skills were hereditary for men. A man when at the age of 5-13 years have been wearing koteka as menswear. The man who closed the skin of the penis with a pumpkin is often called "human koteka", or sometimes called koteka community.
Koteka considered as one part of the poverty and backwardness. Koteka no clothes. Men who wear koteka seen as a naked man and "uncivilized". However, from the people of Papua, koteka is the official clothing of people Papua.Tetapi, antikoteka campaign in a way that does not help much koteka community. One of two pieces of clothing to the public divided not last long. Clothes worn on the day and night, and not washed until destroyed in the body.
When the clothes were destroyed, no new clothes instead. Geographical conditions are very difficult to reach, making them as if it remained isolated in the middle of the woods. Modern civilization did not know and do not know how to get clothes. They also do not know how to care for and maintain clothing to remain durable in the body. Antikoteka campaign is not accompanied by the development of community infrastructure that connects the city with isolated communities that do not bring much change. There is considerable disparity between urban communities inhabited largely by immigrant residents of rural communities dominated the indigenous population.
An irony, in a land rich in minerals and gold, people are still underdeveloped and less dressed.
only happen in Indonesia